Professor Anthony Shakeshaft's principal research interests are in embedding the evaluation of interventions into the delivery of routine clinical health services and into the implementation of population-level interventions, with a particular interest in community-based approaches and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. His intervention trials have been conducted in partnership with a range of service providers, communities and academics to: examine the cost-effectiveness of alcohol brief interventions delivered in community-based counselling settings; the use of patient driven computers for screening and intervention in primary care (UK, Canada and Australia); improving the appropriateness of red blood cell transfusions in metropolitan hospitals; a national evaluation of pharmacotherapies for opioid dependence provided in drug and alcohol clinics; and increasing the provision of screening and brief intervention through Aboriginal Medical Services. He has also implemented a number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate: the cost-effectiveness of mailed personalised feedback to patients delivered through hospital emergency departments; the cost-effectiveness of mailed tailored feedback to GPs on their prescribing practices; and the cost-effectiveness of targeting high-risk weekends with community-based strategies aimed at reducing alcohol harms. Most recently he led the largest community-wide cluster RCT ever undertaken internationally aimed at reducing population level rates of risky drinking and alcohol-related harms – the Alcohol Action in Rural Communities (AARC) project.
He is particularly interested in increasing the capacity of communities and health services to conduct high-quality evaluations of their own intervention strategies, and in developing more effective models of integrating evaluation into the roll-out of public policy initiatives. He is currently involved in the evaluation of seven intervention trials, three of which are evaluations of Indigenous focused community-based programs.
Broad Research Areas:
Population health, community health, Indigenous health, health services, substance misuse and harms, intervention trials, health economics, evaluation designs and measures.
BA, MA, PhD
Society Memberships & Professional Activities:
Reviewing for international journals and granting agencies; Associate Editor of BMC Public Health; post-graduate supervision; expert member on a number of professional committees and review panels; Member of the Council of the NHMRC.
Specific Research Keywords:
Population health, intervention, substance misuse and harms
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