Substance use among pregnant women is a significant public health issue. A range of adverse effects have been noted including increased risk of miscarriage and still birth, reduction in fetal growth, birth defects, developmental delay, growth retardation and neurological abnormalities.
Substance use amongst adolescents (those in the age group of 10-19) is an important public health issue in many countries of the region.
Overdose is a common event in the lives of opioid users, and is the leading cause of death in this population. Overdose risk is particularly elevated during the 4 weeks following release from prison.
This study aimed to examine the feasibility of agonist maintenance treatment for the major psychoactive drug classes: opioids, nicotine, benzodiazepines, cannabis, psychostimulants and alcohol.
The rapidity of overdose and death is of major clinical importance. Essentially, is there time to intervene, or are such deaths typically so rapid as to preclude meaningful intervention? The presence of 6-monoacetly-morphine (6MAM) is indicative of a rapid death following heroin administration.
Compulsive hoarding is a debilitating disorder. Little is known of the substance use of hoarders, or the circumstances in which they die.
The ‘Child protection and mothers in substance abuse treatment study’ was the first study to interview a relatively large sample of women in opioid pharmacological treatment in NSW about their children, parenting and child protection system involvement.
In this study, we will undertake detailed analyses of the largest cross-national epidemiologic study of mental and substance use disorders ever conducted. The WHO World Mental Health Survey (WMHS) initiative is a massive, unique endeavour.
The Comorbidity and Trauma Study (CATS) is a large retrospective case-control study, which examined the influence of genetics and environmental factors (e.g. childhood trauma) contributing to opioid dependence liability.