Prisoners are a marginalised group placing considerable costs on society. They experience very high rates of drug dependence, health problems and premature mortality. Without intervention they are highly likely to come into further health risk.
Governments, policy experts, researchers and randomly selected members of communities all support the idea of greater co-ordination of efforts aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm.
In 2000, a national commitment has been made to expand access to antiretroviral (ARVs) in Vietnam. However, the number of patients infected with HIV in need of ARV has far exceeded the supply of ARVs. Little has been done on cost and effectiveness of antiretroviral treatment in Vietnam.