The increased use of psychostimulants in Australia is a major concern. People using psychostimulants often do not access traditional treatment services, as their need is often greatest outside of regular office hours.
Treatment and Intervention
There is a growing body of research evidence demonstrating the impact of a range of pre-sentence diversion options at engaging substance misusing defendants in treatment, and reducing illicit drug use and ‘related’ offending in both Australian and British contexts.
In 2000, a national commitment has been made to expand access to antiretroviral (ARVs) in Vietnam. However, the number of patients infected with HIV in need of ARV has far exceeded the supply of ARVs. Little has been done on cost and effectiveness of antiretroviral treatment in Vietnam.
It is known that women experiencing homelessness are at high risk of unintended pregnancy (Gelberg 2007).
In recent years, there has been a focus on developing practice guidelines to facilitate the delivery of evidenced-based interventions.
Prevalence rates of mental disorders among homeless persons typically exceed general population estimates. Despite the high level of need in the homeless population, access to appropriate services is limited, particularly among those with co-occurring substance use and other mental disorders.
Ecstasy is one of the few drugs that has become more prominent within the Australian community, particularly among young people.