Can parents teach their children to drink alcohol responsibly? Or, is one drop a drop too many?

image - 1338943100 Shadow Man Drinking Green Beer Bottle Square
Date Commenced:
09/2010
Expected Date of Completion:
12/2017
Project Supporters:

Australian Research Council - Discovery Project Australian Rotary Health Mental Health Research Grant Australian Rotary Health Whitcroft Family PhD Scholarship Foundation for Alcohol Research & Education Australian Federal Government Australian Postgraduate Award

Drug Type:
Project Members: 
image - 1314158714 Tim Slade 007
Associate Professor
Ph 9385 0267
image - 1354253715 Alex Aiken Square
Senior Research Officer
Ph 02 9385 0111
Project Main Description: 

Parents can positively influence their children's alcohol use. One strategy they use is to provide their children with alcohol, believing it is the best way to teach their children how to drink responsibly. The impact of parental supply is not well understood and may be unintentionally harmful. This study will research the consequences of parental supply within the broader context of parent, child and peer relationships. It will help to determine how parental supply influences the different patterns of adolescent alcohol consumption over time, providing essential information to help parents prevent alcohol misuse in their children. Parents can play a pivotal role in prevention of alcohol misuse, but at present we don't know exactly how.

Project Collaborators: External: 

Professor Jakob Najman
Queensland Alcohol & Drug Research and Education Centre, University of Queensland

Associate Professor Kypros Kypri
School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle

Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno
School of Psychology, University of Tasmania

Dr Nyanda McBride
National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University

Dr Delyse Hutchinson
School of Psychology, Deakin University

Rationale: 

Binge drinking among adolescents is currently being touted as a recent epidemic, but it is a long-standing problem which needs to be addressed. Australian parents are prepared to make a significant contribution; they believe that it is their role to teach their children when, where and how to drink. The impact of parental supply is not well understood. This study will research the consequences of parental supply within the broader context of parent, child and peer relationships. It will help to determine how parental supply influences the different patterns of adolescent alcohol consumption over time, providing essential information to help parents prevent alcohol misuse in their children. Parents can play a pivotal role in prevention of alcohol misuse, but at present we don’t know exactly how.

Aims: 

This study is investigating the impact of parental supply of alcohol on drinking trajectories in Australian adolescents, including how parental supply of alcohol relates to the acceleration or deceleration of harmful drinking trajectories, and how other related factors may mediate and moderate the relationship. 

Design and Method: 

Using a longitudinal design, 1,977 families were recruited from Grade 7 classes across schools in NSW, TAS and WA with 1927 eligible families agreeing to participate. Families have thus far been followed up annually since 2010. Surveys address areas related to quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption (including supply, supervision and context of supply and consumption), parental modelling of alcohol use, family and peer relationships, family history of alcohol-related problems, alcohol-specific rules and access, and child mental health and behavioural problems. Latent growth curve modelling will be used to analyse the longitudinal data.

Progress/Update: 

At the end of 2016, 84% of the sample completed Wave 6 surveys, with the 7th wave currently underway and expected to be completed by late 2017. Response rates for waves 1-5 were >85%. Analyses have been presented at several national and international conferences and a number of peer-reviewed publications have been published. Further analyses are ongoing with a range of papers being drafted for other peer-review publications.  Australian Rotary Health Mental Health Grant is funding the project from 2015-2017, allowing us to continue following our families until adolescents are aged approximately 18/19 years old.  This has established our cohort as an international landmark study, allowing us to answer the important question of how parental supply of alcohol in early adolescence impacts upon adolescent alcohol use and harms when adolescents reach the legal age to purchase alcohol.

Output: 

Papers:

Mattick, RP., Wadolowski, M., Aiken, A., Clare, PJ., Hutchinson, D., Najman, J., Slade, T., Bruno, R., McBride, N., Degenhardt, L. and Kypri, K. (published online Oct 5, 2016). Parental supply of alcohol and alcohol consumption in adolescence: Prospective cohort study. Psychological Medicine, in press.

Wadolowski M, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, Aiken A, Najman J, Kypri K, Slade T, McBride N, Mattick RP (2016). Parents who Supply Sips of Alcohol in Early Adolescence: A Prospective Study of Risk Factors. Pediatrics, 137(3): e20152611.

Wadolowski M, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, Aiken A, Clare P, Slade T, Najman J, Kypri K, McBride N, Mattick RP (2015). Early Adolescent Alcohol Use: Are Sipping and Drinking Distinct? Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 39(9): 1805-13.

Wadolowski M,Bruno R, Aiken A, Stone C, Najman J, Kypri K, Slade T, Hutchinson D, McBride N, Mattick RP. (2015). Sipping, Drinking, and Early Adolescent Alcohol Consumption: A Cautionary Note. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 39(2): 350-354.

Aiken A, Wadolowski M, Bruno R, Najman J, Kypri K, Slade T, Hutchinson D, McBride N, Mattick RP. Cohort profile: The Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study (APSALS). (ePub online May 6, 2015). International Journal of Epidemiology.

 

Presentations:

A Aiken, P Clare, T Slade, J Najman, K Kypri, R Bruno, N McBride, D Hutchinson, M Wadolowski, RP Mattick (2016). A longitudinal study of adolescent alcohol initiation and progression to binge drinking. Paper presented at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Symposium, Sydney, 2016.

RP Mattick, M Wadolowski, A Aiken, P Clare, J Najman, K Kypri, T Slade, D Hutchinson, R Bruno, N McBride (2015). Parental supply of alcohol and alcohol consumption in adolescence: Prospective cohort study. Paper presented at the College on Problems of Drug Dependence Conference, Munich 2015.

M. Wadolowski, D. Hutchinson, R. Bruno, A. Aiken, T. Slade, J. Najman, K. Kypri, N. McBride & R. P. Mattick. (2014). Why do parents supply alcohol?  Parenting practices, peers, and behaviour. Paper presented at the Society for Mental Health Research Conference, Adelaide, 3-5 December 2014.

M. Wadolowski, D. Hutchinson, R. Bruno, A. Aiken, T. Slade, J. Najman, K. Kypri, N. McBride & R. P. Mattick. (2014). Are sipping and drinking different? Parents, peers, and behaviour. Paper presented at the Society for Mental Health Research Conference, Adelaide, 3-5 December 2014.

M. Wadolowski, D. Hutchinson, R. Bruno, R. P. Mattick, A. Aiken, J. Najman, K. Kypri, T. Slade & N. McBride. (2014). Why do parents supply alcohol? Parenting practices, peers, and behaviour. Paper presented at NDARC Annual Symposium, Sydney, 8 September 2014.

M. Wadolowski, D. Hutchinson, R. Bruno, R. P. Mattick, A. Aiken, J. Najman, K. Kypri, T. Slade & N. McBride. (2014). Are sipping and drinking different? Parents, peers, and behaviour. Paper presented at NDARC Annual Symposium, Sydney, 8 September 2014.

Wadolowski M, Mattick R, Aiken A, Bucello C, Najman J, Kypri K, Slade T, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, McBride N. (2013). Young and not so drunk: Adolescent alcohol consumption rates are not what we think they are. Invited speaker presented at The 14th International Congress of the International Federation of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Leipzig, Germany, 5-8 June 2013.

A. Aiken, M. Wadolowski, C. Bucello, R. Mattick, J. Najman, K. Kypri, T. Slade, D. Hutchinson, R. Bruno & N. McBride (2013) Comparison of adolescent alcohol use at baseline and first follow up: Results from the Drinking and Teens project. Presentation at the NDARC Annual Symposium, Sydney, 4 September.

Wadolowski M, Mattick R, Aiken A, Bucello C, Najman J, Kypri K, Slade T, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, McBride N. (2012). Young and not so drunk: Sipping, drinking and Australian adolescents. Paper presented at The Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference, Melbourne, November 18-21.

Aiken A, Wadolowski M, Bucello C, Mattick R, Najman J, Kypri K, Slade T, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, McBride N. (2012). Context of Early Adolescent Alcohol Use: First Results from a Longitudinal Australian Cohort. Paper presented at The Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference, Melbourne, November 18-21.

Mattick R, Wadolowski M, Bucello C, Aiken A, Slade T, Najman J, Kypri K, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, McBride N, Vogl, L. (2012).Can parents teach their children to drink alcohol responsibly? Or, is one drop a drop too many? Presentation at the NDARC Annual Symposium, Sydney, 28 August.

Wadolowski M, Bucello C, Aiken A, Mattick R, Najman J, Kypri K, Slade T, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, McBride N. (2012).Young and not so drunk: Sipping, drinking and Australian adolescents. Presentation at the NDARC seminar series, Sydney, 21 June.

 

Posters:

A Aiken, P Clare, T Slade, J Najman, K Kypri, R Bruno, N McBride, D Hutchinson, M Wadolowski, RP Mattick (2016). Age of adolescent alcohol initiation and progression to risky binge drinking:  A prospective cohort study. Poster presented at the Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol & other Drugs (APSAD) Conference, Sydney, November 2016.

RP Mattick, M Wadolowski, A Aiken, P Clare, J Najman, K Kypri, T Slade, D Hutchinson, R Bruno, N McBride (2015). Predictors of cannabis uptake in an Australian adolescent cohort: Associations with tobacco use, drinking, child, peer & family factors. Poster presented at College on Problems of Drug Dependence Conference, Palm Springs, 2016.

RP Mattick, M Wadolowski, A Aiken, P Clare, J Najman, K Kypri, T Slade, D Hutchinson, R Bruno, N McBride. (2015). Parental supply of alcohol and alcohol consumption in adolescence: Prospective cohort study. Poster presented at the Research Society on Alcoholism Conference, Texas, 2015.

A. Aiken, M. Wadolowski, C. Bucello, R. Mattick, J. Najman, K. Kypri, T. Slade, D. Hutchinson, R. Bruno & N. McBride (2013) Comparison of adolescent alcohol use at baseline and first follow up: Results from the Drinking and Teens project. Poster at the NDARC Annual Symposium, Sydney, 4 September.

Wadolowski M, Bucello C, Aiken A, Mattick R, Slade T, Najman J, Kypri K, Hutchinson D, Bruno R, McBride N. (2012). Sips, drinks & Australian adolescent alcohol use: Is it really what we think? Poster presented at the NDARC Annual Symposium, Sydney, 28 August.

 

Project Research Area: 
Drug Type: 
Project Status: 
Current