The RADAR Project: identifying early warning signals on the pathways to alcohol use disorder

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Tags:
Date Commenced:
01/2013
Expected Date of Completion:
05/2021
Project Supporters:

UNSW Goldstar Near-miss NHMRC project grant (2013 & 2015), NHMRC Project Grant (2016-2020)

Drug Type:
Project Members: 
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Associate Professor Tim Slade
Associate Professor
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Dr Wendy Swift
Senior Lecturer
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Senior Lecturer
Ph 02 89361131
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Honorary Visiting Professor
Ph 02 9385 0333
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Professor Maree Teesson
Professor
Project Main Description: 

Globally, harmful alcohol use continues to be a major modifiable contributor to the burden of disease. In 2004/5, alcohol accounted for 27% (=$15.3 billion) of the Australian social costs of drug abuse, with alcohol use disorder (AUD), defined as a cluster of cognitive, behavioural and physiological symptoms indicating continued alcohol use despite significant problems, representing the most costly alcohol-related harm. Initiation of alcohol use is a rite of passage for many adolescents yet an alarming number drink at levels that put them at risk of harm. Such risky drinking patterns are strongly associated with the development of AUD and can trigger a cascade of lifelong adverse outcomes, such as mental disorders, suicide, other illicit drug use and antisocial behaviour as well as early onset of heart disease, stroke and cancer.

Australian and international adult population data indicate that the peak age of onset of AUD is 18 years, thus a deeper understanding of the adolescent experience is vital if we are to identify modifiable risk factors and intervene early in the developmental course of this disabling disorder. More broadly, despite spectacular improvements in the health of young children, indicators of adolescent health, including violence and injury associated with alcohol use, remain unchanged over the past 50 years. Through initiatives such as the recently established Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing adolescents are now central in efforts to improve global health.

Project Collaborators: External: 

Professor Kypros Kypri
University of Newcastle

Professor Michael Lynskey
King’s College London

Professor Peter Butterworth
University of Melbourne

Professor Jake Najman
University of Queensland

Professor George Patton
University of Melbourne

Dr Delyse Hutchinson
Deakin University

Dr Nyanda McBride
Curtin University

Dr Orla McBride
University of Ulster

Associate Professor Rosa Alati
University of Queensland

Associate Professor Tammy Chung
Pennsylvania University

Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno
University of Tasmania

Rationale: 

The proposed study responds to an urgent call for high quality, long-term prospective cohort studies to better understand the health burden of adolescent drinking. Critical unanswered questions include: How soon after drinking initiation do AUD symptoms begin to emerge? Which symptoms come first? Do the symptoms unfold in a predictable pattern? In what ways do the emerging symptoms interact with individual, peer, family and environmental risk factors to predict the transition to disorder?

Aims: 

The aim of the project is to conduct a world-first, intensive, longitudinal study of the developmental course of AUD across adolescence and young adulthood.

The overarching hypothesis is that the timing, rate and order of symptom development will account for differences in the risk of developing AUD.

The specific objectives are to 1) prospectively measure the presence, age at onset and temporal unfolding of AUD symptoms and 2) determine the individual, peer, family and environmental factors that, in the presence of early symptoms, predict transition to AUD.

Design and Method: 

We will capitalise on an existing cohort of 1911 community-based mid-adolescents who have completed a baseline and five annual follow-up assessments as part of a naturalistic longitudinal study (the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study). With sufficient funding we plan to interview these adolescents from around 17 years of age every six months for four years to derive monthly histories of both alcohol use and AUD symptomatology, along with a comprehensive battery of risk and protective factor scales hypothesised to predict the emergence and course of AUD.

Progress/Update: 

With the aid of UNSW Goldstar Award funding, pilot diagnostic data was collected on 176 drinkers from the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study. This sample represents 81% of the 217 participants eligible for diagnostic interview. Preliminary data showed some early evidence of symptom emergence, albeit almost exclusively at the sub-threshold level.

NHMRC project grant funding commenced in 2016.

Benefits: 

The results of this study will inform not only the natural history of AUD but will be used to identify specific targets for prevention and early intervention of AUD.

Drug Type: 
Project Status: 
Current