Cocaine and methamphetamine induced deaths in Australia 2008

This bulletin provides interpretation of 

  1. final data on accidental drug-induced deaths in which methamphetamine and cocaine were mentioned in Australia in 2008, and 
  2. estimated data for 2009 and 2010.

• N.B: the data for 2009 and 2010 are not final and are likely to change. We have estimated figures for 2009 and 2010 based on changes that occurred in the 2008 and 2009 revisions. We have not interpreted these figures in any detail. This will be the subject of later bulletins.

The data in this bulletin refers to deaths where methamphetamine and cocaine were

  1. determined to be the underlying cause of death — that is, that they were the primary factor responsible for the person’s death; or
  2. noted, but another drug was thought to be responsible for the death. Deaths are coded according to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Problems, 10th revision (ICD-10).

The data presented here refer to deaths that were attributed to the following:

  • Accidental deaths due to poisoning by cocaine or methamphetamine (and no other drug from same category was mentioned);
  • Accidental deaths due to cocaine or methamphetamine use (usually dependence); and
  • Accidental drug-induced deaths where cocaine or methamphetamine was mentioned.