Criminal justice system

Review of HIV in prison: prevalence, incidence, mortality and service provision

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The aim of this project was to collate data for all countries on the following variables; imprisonment rates, HIV prevalence among male, female, PWIDs, MSM, sex workers and transgender prisoners,  HIV incidence and transmission in prison AIDS mortality in prison and the provision of eight HIV pro

Project Status: 
Current

Using evidence to evaluate Australian drug trafficking thresholds: Proportionate, equitable and just?

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Most Australian states and territories have adopted drug trafficking thresholds which specify quantities of drugs, over which it is presumed an offender has committed an offence of ‘drug trafficking’, rather than ‘possession for personal use’.

Project Status: 
Completed

Determining the impact of opioid substitution therapy upon mortality and recidivism among prisoners: A 22-year data linkage study.

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Prisoners are a marginalised group placing considerable costs on society. They experience very high rates of drug dependence, health problems and premature mortality. Without intervention they are highly likely to come into further health risk.

Project Status: 
Current

Promoting compliance, ‘recovery’ and ‘desistance’: Comparative case studies of pre-sentence diversion schemes for drug misusing arrestees in Australia and England

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There is a growing body of research evidence demonstrating the impact of a range of pre-sentence diversion options at engaging substance misusing defendants in treatment, and reducing illicit drug use and ‘related’ offending in both Australian and British contexts.

Project Status: 
Completed

Exploring the relationship between cannabis use and crime among adolescents

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Within both the Australian and international literature, the association between substance use and criminal activity is well established.  The nature of the relationship, however, is still widely debated with no overall consensus being reached on how crime and substance use influence each other. 

Project Status: 
Completed